The energy system of Serbia has one specific plant, a pumped storage hydro power plant Bajina Basta. While operating with the generator, it is practically a hydro power plant with all relevant advantages-characteristics. While operating with pumps, it has a very rigid characteristics. The level of use of pump-turbine is 0.73, which defines this plant as a consumer. Water inflow in the upper storage reservoir is insignificant in comparison with the pumped quantities of water. These reasons cause a rational use of the plant in terms of its maximum engagement in operating with generator within the shortest possible time.

Open-loop Pumped Hydro Storage